Import-export are important areas of business. When a person or a company buys goods like groceries, farm produce, textiles, machine parts or even crude oil from its own country and dispatches them to other countries for sale at a higher price, it is called export. When goods and raw material are bought from other countries to sell in one's own country keeping a profit margin, it is called import.
Both types of trade depend on the internal productions of a country which surplus is sold in the foreign market. A share of the profit coming from the sale of a country's products also goes to the national treasury of the country. So both import and export are important for a nation's economy.
International relations too have a great impact on import export. If a country is not on good terms with another which is a prospective buyer of the former's products, there is clearly no business. After the 9/11 carnage the US had put embargo on trade with some Islamic nations that had been allegedly involved in planning the terrorism.
Import export data in this system of international trade show there is also competition among all importers. So the quality of the products is never compromised. If the quality of the item for export is poor it turns suicidal for the exporting country's economy as it may permanently lose its market by damage its reputation in the international trade circuit. Import export shows India's jute usually has a tough competition with Bangladeshi jute, which is usually superior in quality to the former. Previously, there had been cases of the sale of inferior quality Indian jute in the international market. Consequently, India's sale of jute suffered a draft for several years.
When starting an import export business it is most important to first collect statistics and buyers suppliers data to help you decide the product and the country you will be dealing with. The first step is an in depth research in all areas of business and customs shipment data will be of great help. Identifying the market and the product are the two most basic decisions to be made at the beginning. Research and planning with the available customs data confirms a successful business venture internationally or domestically.