Website Screenshots by PagePeeker January 19, 2021 – Heres The Answers

0923 Wagoners Img_23790

0923 Wagoners Img_23790

23790 “Wagoners” sign, Monticello – Home of Thomas Jefferson, 931 Thomas Jefferson Parkway, Charlottesville, Charlottesville City, VA. May 14, 2019.


“hitching their vehicle to horses, mules, or oxen at the behest of Jefferson or his overseer, enslaved wagoners Tom Shackleford, Phill, Jerry, and David Hern, Jr. traveled across the plantation and Virginia delivering supplies, baggage, people, and messages. As skilled navigators and able mechanics, the wagoners negotiated the challenges of travel, including poor road conditions and broken axles and wheels. These slaves had relative autonomy on the road, often traveling on their own and carrying money for expenses. To discourage wagoners from running away, Jefferson gave explicit instructions about their routes and arranged for them to meet certain people on specific days. The prospect of separation from their families likely brought them back to Monticello.”

“Separation & Reunion”

“Slavery often divided families. The wagoners found ways to see family living away from Monticello and facilitated rare reunions between husbands, wives, and children who lived apart. In December 1806, nailmakers James and Philip Hubbard, Davy, and Bedford John rode with Jerry and his wagon to Jefferson Poplar Forest plantation, where the four men were reunited with their families for Christmas. Wagoner David Hern, Jr. use his biannual trips to Washington to see his wife Frances (Fanny) Gillette Hern, a cook at the President’s House. After the death of their child in 1808, Hern received permission to travel to Washington to grieve with his wife tor five days.”

“To & From the Capital”

“The wagoners hauled Jefferson’s belongings to and from Washington during his presidency. These enslaved men carried everything from ‘valuable things,’ letters, and books to big tailed rams, geese, willow oak acorns, and geraniums. When Jefferson retired in 1809, Bacon sent twelve mules and ‘four sorrel Chickasaw horses’ (almost all of Monticello’s working stock) to tow three packed wagons back to Monticello. ‘Loaded with boxes,’ these wagons also carried enslaved cooks Edith Hern Fossett and Frances Gillette Hern and their children. Under the best conditions, the trip to Washington took six days and five nights.”

Below sketch of wagon in left side:
“Adjusting a Cart Wheel by William Henry Pyne, 1806. Carts and wheels required constant maintenance. Before trips, Jefferson had the wagoners strengthen the sides and bottom of the vehicles to withstand rough roads”

Under left portrait:
“Edmund Bacon, overseer at Monticello from 1806-22, dispatched the wagons and relayed Jefferson’s detailed instruction to Jerry, David Hern, Jr. and the other wagoners.”

“As Henry, his mule and little cart will be necessary to carry our baggage, I would wish him to leave Monticello on Sunday morning…’ Thomas Jefferson writing from Poplar Forest to Martha Jefferson Randolph, 1819.”

Beneath lower left sketch near bottom:
“Philadelphia market cart by Thomas Jefferson, ca. 1778. Loaded carts and wagons could go 15 to 20 miles a day in good weather and over good roads.”

Top quote:
“I shall want Jerry & his wagon, strongly fitted, & Davy & 3 mules for a light travelling wagon here, to be here on the 6th of March to move us. I must ask the favor of you also to come, & take care of the caravan.’ Thomas Jefferson to overseer Edmund Bacon, on returning to Monticello from the President’s House, 1809”

Below Drawing in upper right corner of map:
“President’s House (White House)”

Beneath middle drawing:

Under drawing lower left corner of map:
“Poplar Forest”

Under drawing lower right corner of map:

Below upper right picture:
“Extraordinary Appearances in the Heavens and on Earth by Benjamin Henry Lotrobe, 1797. Carts and wagons were the pickup trucks of Jefferson’s day. Jerry, David Hern, Jr., Tom Shackleford, Phill, and other enslaved wagon and cart drivers transported goods and people within and beyond the plantation.”

Under right corner sheep:
“Barbary Breadtail sheep. David Hern, Jr. transported a pair of Barbary Broadtail or Tunis sheep from Washington in 1806. Jefferson valued the quality of their meat and planned to establish the breed at Monticello.”

Posted by DJEPS on 2019-10-16 00:11:14